# Georectification

Source: http://cartonerd.blogspot.com/2014/08/web-mercator-and-comparisons.html

# Spreadsheets and structured data.

In-class writing.

3 things in three (or four) sentences: that are different about Levy and Campbell-Kelly.

1. Something that one article talks about that the other doesn't.
2. Something different in their style or audience. Is one more opinionated? Hates spreadsheets?

and/or

1. Something similar about boyd and Levy, or about boyd and Campbell-Kelly. Do they address similar questions?

e-mail: b.schmidt@neu.edu

"Maps are data"

Maps are locations where people store and retrieve information about how the world around them is structured. In what they show and what they don't show, you can see the worldview of the people who created them.

"Data is data" means data is created.

In what it shows and what it doesn't, you can see the worldview of the people who created it. Every data set is like a map of what's important; you can read it like a map for its history.

Don't take data as a given.

)

Grace Murray Hopper, 1960

``````\$ SET SOURCEFORMAT"FREE"
IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
PROGRAM-ID.  Iteration-If.
AUTHOR.  Michael Coughlan.

DATA DIVISION.
WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
01  Num1           PIC 9  VALUE ZEROS.
01  Num2           PIC 9  VALUE ZEROS.
01  Result         PIC 99 VALUE ZEROS.
01  Operator       PIC X  VALUE SPACE.

PROCEDURE DIVISION.
Calculator.
PERFORM 3 TIMES
DISPLAY "Enter First Number      : " WITH NO ADVANCING
ACCEPT Num1
DISPLAY "Enter Second Number     : " WITH NO ADVANCING
ACCEPT Num2
DISPLAY "Enter operator (+ or *) : " WITH NO ADVANCING
ACCEPT Operator
IF Operator = "+" THEN
ADD Num1, Num2 GIVING Result
END-IF
IF Operator = "*" THEN
MULTIPLY Num1 BY Num2 GIVING Result
END-IF
DISPLAY "Result is = ", Result
END-PERFORM.
STOP RUN.``````

Levy:

the spreadsheet has begun to be a forceful agent of decentralization, breaking down hierarchies in large companies and diminishing the power of data-processing.

Run Visicalc online in your browser:

https://archive.org/details/VisiCalc_1979_SoftwareArts

Bricklin [Visicalc] enrolled in the Harvard University MBA program, with the aim of equipping himself with a wider skill set than programming—he did not want to suffer the same fate as many programmers he had encountered who had become unemployed in their fifties.

Karpor [Lotus] took several years to mature socially, drifting in and out of transcendental meditation, a period as a disc jockey, and taking a master’s course in psychological counseling. He enrolled for an MBA at MIT’s Sloan School of Management in 1978. In July 1978, he bought an Apple II computer and it was a turning point in his life.

"I know of one venture capital firm that assumes people manipulate spreadsheets," Kapor said. "So they have this other model to put against the first one, to factor the stuff out.